32 million Africans forcibly displaced in 10 years

Forced displacement of persons has continued to be a major and increasing occurrence in Africa in the past over one decade, with at least 32 million persons recorded to have either been internally displaced or emigrants, a report by Africa Center for Strategic Studies said.

Africa’s crisis and conflict has not experience any marginal curve in the last ten years with at least ten countries, including Nigeria, the continent’s largest economy sharing the chunk of mass displacement.

An ACSS report that was published in June this year suggested that the conflict that keeps Africans fleeing their homes are generally caused by government “government repression against citizens, extremists group violence, and militarisation of politics.

Of the ten countries that share share case highest (88%) cases of forced displacements seven of them are said to have “government that are automatically leaning”.

Graph Credit: ASCC

The report said of the 32 million displacement, 24 million are internally displaced persons (IDPs). This suggests that most Africans on the run from their homes headed for where they can get refuge. But only a few of the displaced cross the border to become refugees.

The ACSS report categorized each of the countries according to the high number of displacement recorded there.

Top amongst the list is the Democratic Republic of Congo ­čçĘ­čçČ (DRC), with over 6 million dispalcemt. South Sudan followed with nearly 4 million out of its national total population of 11 million – this makes the new country to be ranked as one with the highest proportion of its population in displacement.

Graph Credit: ASCC

Nigeria has a gross 3.3 million persons in displacement who are largely from the Northeast region where activities of the JAS and ISWAP resulted in the displacement of 2.5 million persons even as recent displacements accounted for at least 800,000 displaced persons.

Sudan trails after Nigeria with it’s 2.5 million persons in displacement (internally) even as the country also hosts at least 1.1 refugees from South Sudan.

Ethiopia has 1.8 million of it’s citizens in forced displacement.

Burkina Faso has a displacement population of 1.2 million largely caused by the militant Islamic militants violence.

Mozambique has a total of 668,000 persons in displacement.

The UNited Nations had estimated  over 3.2 million people are displaced, including over 2.9 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) in north-eastern Nigeria, over 684,000 IDPs in Cameroon, Chad and Niger and 304,000 refugees in the four countries.

UN said the crisis “has been exacerbated by conflict-induced food insecurity and severe malnutrition, which have risen to critical levels in all four countries. Despite the efforts of Governments and humanitarian aid, some 12.5 million people remain in need of humanitarian assistance in the Lake Chad Basin region, with 5.3 million people remaining food insecure.”

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